Thailand is located in the central of South East Asia, and they have a wonderful gesture “Wai”. It is the traditional and graceful Thai greeting, it is an action that you will be seen throughout Thailand. It pays a very important part in showing respect, and it also might take you sometimes to learn perfect technique of how to Wai, but this charming greeting will become second-nature in a very short time.
This country is roughly shaped like a elephant’s head. Elephant’s face and ears make up northern and northern parts which border Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia consecutively, while the long trunk makes up for the south that meets with Malaysia and separated the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand.
It is covering an area of approximately 515,000 square kilometres, somewhat the same size as France, that makes up Siamese country to be the 50th largest country in the world. From the northernmost part till the southernmost part, it lengths about 1650 kms, and 800 kms from easternmost to the westernmost, plus additionally 2500 kms of the coastline.
Thailand is a typical monsoon country which is relatively hot and humid almost the whole country throughout the year, it is divided into three seasons; hot season, rainy season and cool season.
Thailand is divided into 77 provinces, and Bangkok is the capital city of the country with roughly about 11 million population.
The top 3 must see places when visiting Bangkok are the Grand Palace, Wat Pho and Wat Arun. The Grand Palace covers huge area so you can spend half a day there, and within the palace area, there is Wat Phra Kaew, the most sacred Buddhist temple of Thailand together with the most holy/blessed Buddha image, the Emerald Buddha, situated.
Nearby is Wat Pho, where you can find the world’s largest reclining Buddha image and a famous massage school. Wat Arun is located on the other side of the Chao Phraya River, it is one of Thailand’s most picturesque temples, and even Tourist Authority of Thailand (TAT) uses this temple as its logo.
This country divides into six geographical regions.
North: Chiang Mai is the main city of the northern part, and also called the Rose of the North because it surrounded by mountain ranges where the highest mount, Doi Inthanon, located. This region mix with many hill tribe groups, each group has their own way of living, festivals and beautiful uniforms.
Doi Suthep or Wat Phra That Doi Suthep, a holy temple of Chiang Mai, it is one of the famous landmarks, this temple has a golden pagoda which contains the Buddha relics. On top of that, it offers a stunning and scenery view of the city.
The northernmost point is called Golden Triangle, Chiang Rai province, where Thailand, Myanmar and Laos meet and divided by the Mighty Mekong. And also visit only Black and White temples in Thailand.
Central: It is the heart of Thailand with very fertile lands that produce lots of food to feed the whole country and the world. This central plain is called “The rice bowl of Asia”, and also this region is full of ancient places such as Ayuttaya and Sukhothai.
Sukhothai Historical Park, this city was once the first Siam Kingdom founded by King Ramkhamhaeng and it was the Thai capital during the 13th Century A.D. It locates many ancient temples, shows Sukhothai architecture, huge Buddha images and many more. The park has been registered by the UNESCO as the world heritage site.
Mahathad Temple, it is one of the oldest shrines in Ayutthaya, it was attacked by the Burmese, they looted and burnt down anything they could including the heads of the Buddha images. The interesting part of this temple is one of the buddha image’s heads being lifted off the ground by a Bondi tree.
Ratchaburana Temple was built in 1424 at the cremation site of two princes who fought each other and died in the scene. The important building here is the Khmer Prang which the wall decorated with mural printing, there are varieties of gold items, amulets, carving and the treasure of the two price. It is one of the five temples that are lit up at night.
West: This side has a long mountain range borders with Myanmar, there are a lot of high mountains and valleys similar to the North that is why this region has plenty of natural and valuable resources.
Kanchanaburi is the main province for this region, it is one of the most beautiful provinces in Thailand with many natural parks and riverside bungalows. The Wildlife Sanctuary Thung Yai Naresuan, it was declared as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991.
The Bridge over the River Kwai, is a famous place for most of visitors when they come to Kanchanaburi, it was built during the war and named as World War II Death Railway to Myanmar.
Northeast: There is the main river called Mekong which is separated Thailand and Laos. The region has a long dry season and consists of the dry lands such as the Khorat Plateau. In the past this region has been left out with little development.
This region also known as Isaan, the people often appear very friendly and Som Tam (papaya saland) is originated from this part of the country. A lot of architectures are reflected of Khmer influence.
East: This region borders with Cambodia by mountain and coastal lines. Tourism, fruits and Eastern Seaboard Industrial Development are the main components in the economy of this region. The resort town, Pattaya, is very popular as tourist destination and well-known all over the world.
Pattaya is famous for its cheap beer, go-go bars, and sex tourism still remains the main incomes for this city.
South: It has unique climate, full of resources, tropical rainforests and long coastlines on both Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, that is why this region is full of sea lovers all year round because there are so many nice islands and beaches such as Phuket, Phi Phi, Koh Samui, Koh Phangan, Koh Lanta and many more. At the southernmost borders with Malaysia and there is a conflict going on for some years.
Phuket is Thailand’s largest island, hot and humid throughout the year which is good for this beach town. Its famous for the bays, white beaches, seafood, diving and snorkeling, gofing, sailing, beautiful architechture, cliffs, entertainments, caves, fishing villages and islands. The most famous beaches are Patong, Kata, Karon, and Surin beach. There are plenty of standard bungalows to 5 star hotels.
Phi Phi Island is only 45 minutes journey from Phuket, is considered to be one of the most naturally beautiful islands in the world and it consists of six islands altogether. Phi Phi Don and Phi Phi Le are the most well-known islands. There are caves, limestone mounts, cliffs and long white sandy beaches.
Koh Lanta is a beautiful island hiding in Andaman Sea, in between Krabi and Phi Phi island, this sandy beach is spectacular with peaceful atmosphere. This island makes up with over fifty small islands, plenty of coral reefs, forest, white sand beaches, fantastic scenery, stunning view and marine lives.
There are 101 things to do, 101 things to see, 101 things to eat in Thailand, once in your life time… come and gain your experience travelling around this country.